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Scanning Capacitance Mode (SCM)

Using contact mode AFM as its base, Scanning Capacitence Mode (SCM) utilizes a conductive afm probe to scan semiconductor samples with an AC bias (amplitude DV, ~90 kHz) with a DC offset. The capacitance of the metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) capacitor at the afm tip-sample contact is a function of majority carrier concentration in the sample. SCM uses an ultra-high-frequency (1 GHz) detector to measure AFM tip-sample capacitance variation, DC, at the bias frequency. Sensor Signal is DC/DV. In feedback mode, output signal is DV, adjusted to maintain a DC/DV Setpoint. SCM provides information about the relative changes of majority carrier concentration in semiconductors.